Is Mum Going To Be A New AI Milestone For Understanding Information

Is Mum Going To Be A New AI Milestone For Understanding Information By Shahbaz Ahmed - November 10, 2021
Milestone For Understanding Information

Milestone For Understanding Information

Table of Contents:

  • Helping You When There Isn’t A Simple Answer
  • What Is Removing Language Barriers In MUM?
  • Understanding Information Across Types
  • Conclusion

"Is there any work left to do?" people often ask when I tell them I work on Google Search. The quick answer is a resounding "Yes!" There are a slew of problems we're working on to make Google Search better for you. 

Google is using artificial intelligence to aid users of its search engine in performing difficult activities that would ordinarily necessitate repeated inquiries.

Many of the Google searches we conduct are single queries, such as "submit a request for a federal tax extension." Other searches, on the other hand, involve many searches for distinct components of a difficult activity. 

For example, you might want to know how to prepare for a river rafting trip in Montana in August, and how those preparations differ from those you made for your Colorado River rafting trip last fall.

If you asked a local rafting expert how to prepare, you might get a long response that covers a variety of topics. Will the temperatures be higher than they were in Colorado? What kind of clothing and equipment will we require? 

Where can we get a raft to rent? With the help of some cutting-edge natural language processing, Google hopes to give this kind of professionally tailored answer to search users.

The invention of a natural language model called BERT by Google researchers shocked the natural language community in 2018. 

BERT received training in a novel and unusual manner. Rather of only giving the neural network text examples annotated with their me

Today, we're going to show you how we're dealing with a problem that many of us can relate to needing to fill out a lot of queries and conduct a lot of searches to find the answer you need.

Today, Google could assist you with this, but it would take a lot of careful searching — You'd have to look into the elevation of each mountain, the usual fall temperature, the difficulty of the hiking paths, the best gear to bring, and other details. 

You'd finally find the solution you're looking for after a few searches. However, if you were speaking with a hiking expert, you could just ask one question: "How should I prepare differently?" 

You'd get a thoughtful response that considers the subtleties of your assignment and walks you through the numerous factors to consider.

This isn't an unusual situation; many of us use Google every day to complete a variety of jobs that involve numerous steps. In fact, we discovered that for difficult jobs like these, users submit an average of eight queries.

Today's search engines aren't intelligent enough to respond in the same manner that a professional would. However, thanks to a new technology known as the Multitask Unified Model, or MUM, we're getting closer to being able to assist you with these types of difficult requirements. As a result, you'll be able to complete tasks with fewer searches in the future.

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Helping You When There Isn’t A Simple Answer

MUM has the potential to change the way Google assists you with difficult jobs. MUM is 1,000 times more powerful than BERT since it employs the T5 text-to-text architecture. MUM is a language generator as well as a language understander. 

It's trained in 75 languages and multiple tasks at the same time, allowing it to build a more complete comprehension of facts and world knowledge than earlier models. MUM is also multimodal, meaning it can comprehend information in both text and graphics and, in the future, expand to other modalities such as video and audio.

Take, for example, the question of hiking Mt. Fuji: MUM is aware that you are comparing two mountains. As a result, elevation and trail information may be useful. It could also be understood that "preparing" in the sense of hiking could entail things like fitness training and finding the correct gear.

Because MUM may surface ideas based on its vast knowledge of the world, it could point out that, despite both mountains being roughly the same elevation, Mt. Fuji experiences rain in the fall, necessitating the use of a waterproof jacket. 

MUM might also highlight useful subtopics for further investigation, such as the best gear or training activities, with links to relevant articles, videos, and images from throughout the web.

What Is Removing Language Barriers In MUM?

Access to information can be hampered by a lack of understanding of the language. By transmitting knowledge across languages, MUM has the ability to break through these barriers. It can learn from sources that aren't published in the same language as your search and help you find the information you're looking for.

Let's say there's some incredibly useful information about Mt. Fuji written in Japanese; if you don't search in Japanese today, you're unlikely to find it. 

MUM, on the other hand, might take information from multiple sources and use it to locate the most relevant results in your favorite language. So, the next time you're looking for information about visiting Mt. On Mount Fuji, you might see results like where to get the greatest views, local onsen, and popular souvenir shops – all information that is more typically discovered when searching in Japanese.

Understanding Information Across Types

MUM is multimodal, which means it can grasp information in a variety of formats at the same time, such as web pages, images, and more. You could eventually be able to snap a snapshot of your hiking boots and ask, 


The researchers masked specific terms in the text at random and asked the model to fill in the blanks. 

The neural network evaluated the training material and discovered patterns of words and sentences that appeared frequently in the same context, assisting it in understanding basic word relationships. It also learned a lot about the world and how things work in the process.

By Shahbaz Ahmed - November 10, 2021
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