State of Qatar

State of Qatar is associate freelance sovereign state placed within the middle of the geographical region of Arabian Gulf. it's maritime and land borders with Asian nation and it's conjointly maritime boundaries with Bahrain, United Arab Emirates and Asian country.

The State of Qatar that incorporates a dry desert climate is stretched as a dry land on the length of two hundred klick and breadth of one hundred klick. the whole area of the state is eleven,850 sq. kilometers as well as variety of islands and coral reefs.

The modern history of Qatar was began within the early eighteenth century AD once the ruling family "Al Thani" reached to the southern a part of Qatar. The "Al Thani" family's root is connected with Almaadied tribe (Branch of Bani Tamim) within the Ushaiqir of Al Washm district in Najd. within the middle of eighteenth century the family affected to the northern a part of Qatar, which incorporates Zubara and Ruwais and Fuert.

In 1878, H.E. sheik Jassim Bin Muhammad Al Thani succeeded his father H.E. sheik Mahound bin Thani.

In 1913, H.E. sheik Abdullah Bin Jassim Al Thani assumed the facility and also the oil was discovered within the country for the primary time throughout his rule.

H.E. sheik Hamad Bin Abdullah Al Thani assumed the facility in 1940 and dominated the country till 1948.

In 1949, H.E. sheik Ali Bin Abdullah Al Thani became the ruler of the country till 1960 and was succeeded by H.E. sheik Ahmed Bin Ali Al Thani UN agency dominated the country till 1972.


H.E. sheik Khalifa Bin Hamad Al THani assumed the facility in 1972 and Qatar gained independence on third Sep 1971.

In 1995, sheik Hamad bin Khalifa Al-Thani came to power within the country with the allegiance and support of the ruling family and also the individuals of Qatar.

Economic and social development:

After His Highness sheik Hamad bin Khalifa Al Thani assumed the facility of the country on twenty seventh Gregorian calendar month 1995, the country witnessed a turning purpose within the march of national work and a necessary step the amount of political and economic reconstruction towards a comprehensive development.

The options and aims of this contemporary stage within the history of Qatar square measure assimilated in widening the general public participation within the method of national deciding, affirming the role of nation's individuals within the management of national affairs through "Majlis Al Shoura", maturation the principles of freedom and acknowledging the proper of election rather than direct appointment in a very variety of institutions and establishments additionally to acknowledgement of rights of election and nomination within the municipal council for Qatari girls for the primary time.

The system of censorship on native dailies was upraised informed the directives of H.H. sheik Hamad Bin Khalifa Al Thani, The saved emeer of Qatar. The Qatar TV started its broadcast and Al Jazeera freelance channel was started its operation latter on whereas the country's native press has flourished in a very climate of freedom, democracy and incentives for growth and proliferation.

The options of latest part was conjointly sent in concern with the interest of youth sector through the event of instructional strategies and curricula to suit wants|the requirements|the wants} of the community and meet the country's need for educationally and professionally qualified cadres and subsequently providing job opportunities for Qatari graduates beside adopting the scientific course of study coming up with for the event of the country's economy and investment of resources and also the exploitation of resources by characteristic and developing ways and golf shot semipermanent plans and encourage the personal sector and create most use of national and foreign expertise and to make the proper economic climate to draw in investments. 


Qatar may be a dry land placed halfway down the geographical region of the Arabian Gulf. Its territory contains variety of islands as well as Halul, Sheraouh, Al-Ashat et al..

Topographic Features:

The parcel of land is flat and rocky with some low-rising sedimentary rock outcrops in Dukhan space within the west and Jabal Fiwairit within the north. it's characterised by a range of geographical phenomena as well as several coves, inlets, depressions and surface rainwater-draining basins referred to as capital of Saudi Arabia (the gardens), that square measure found primarily within the north and central a part of the dry land. These square measureas have the foremost fertile soil and are made in vegetation.

Land Area:

The total area of Qatar is more or less eleven,521 sq. kilometers.

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