Pearl Jewelry and its Varieties Offer a Classy Look and Style Statement

  • 2 years   ago
  • 2041

Around the 20th century scientists found that any material would be coated in nacre by oysters when placed in it. This nacre leaves a shine on it making it look like a pearl. The more you leave it in oyster the more nacre gets layered and with that increases its longevity and luster, which decides the value of pearls. 



There are two variants of pearls 

  • Natural
  • Synthetic 

Natural pearls are formed when mollusks hide in oysters to defend themselves from sand, parasites and other foreign bodies. Mollusk forms nacre over the entered foreign body, which is a sort of defense mechanism. This gives the pearls its shine and appearance. Today, natural pearls are rare due to shortage of oysters and lot of pollution. Therefore you can find natural pearls only in auctions or antique jewelries.


Cultured pearls are artificially cultivated in a pearl farm. Kokichi Mikimoto, a Japanese pearl grower started surgical implantation of round beads in Akoya oysters and dropped it into sea water for a set period of time. The longer the oyster remains in sea the more the nacre gets layered around the pearl which means more shine and strength. After a year or three, this oyster is pulled back from water and fine pearls are harvested.

This process is not as easy as it seems, many oysters die when they are left in water. This leaves the pearl farmers with no pearl formation in it.

When we hear the word pearl, a white round shiny material comes in mind. However, when a customer enters a shop they are introduced with terminologies like-

  • Freshwater
  • Tahitian
  • Akoya
  • South Sea

Not all of us are aware of such types of pearls. So as a beginner first thing that you need to known is the difference between these pearls.

Freshwater pearls

They are small in size and irregular in shape. To prepare pearls, the mussel’s shell is slightly opened and small live tissue gets inserted, so the mollusk forms a coating of nacre on it.

Tahitian pearls

They are cultivated majorly near Tahiti beaches. They are black in color just like sand on beaches. They’re smaller in size generally, ranging from 8 to 14 mm.

Akoya pearls

It is a well known pearl made in Japan from Akoya oyster. They are majorly round in shape and available in white or cream color.

South Sea pearl

They are cultivated in Australia, part of Indonesia and also Philippines. The color of these pearls is white or silver. They have rare size ranging from 10 - 20 mm, which makes them expensive.

Culturing has made the availability of pearls easier for people. It is an exquisite alternative for ladies who prefer some elegance and sophisticated look.