Crime Rate in Qatar

  • 3 months   ago
Crime Rate in Qatar
Crime in Qatar is relatively low compared to industrialized nations. Petty crime such as pickpocketing and bag snatching does occur, but is extremely uncommon. Although incidents of violence are generally considered to be rare, violence has occurred more frequently due to increase in the population of Doha, the capital and largest city of Qatar, and economic pressures on expatriate workers during the last few years.

Qatar is a destination country for men and women from South and Southeast Asia who migrate willingly, but are subsequently forced into involuntary servitude as domestic workers and laborers, and, to a lesser extent, commercial sexual exploitation. The most common offense was forcing workers to accept worse contract terms than those under which they were recruited. Other conditions include bonded labor, withholding of pay, restrictions on movement, arbitrary detention, and physical, mental, and sexual abuse. Qatar is in Tier 3 rank; it failed to enforce criminal laws against traffickers, or to provide an effective mechanism to identify and protect victims. The nation detain and deport victims rather than providing them protection. The Government of Qatar made little progress to increase prosecutions for trafficking effectively in 2007.

According to Interpol data, criminal homicide rate in Qatar increased from 1.52 to 2.11 per 100,000 population between 1995 and 1999. It was an increase of 38.8%. The rate for rape decreased by 67.1%, but the rate of robbery increased by 100%. While the rate of robbery was 0.67 per 100,000 population in 1995, it increased to 1.34 per 100,000 population in 1999. Similarly the rate of aggravated assault, larceny and motor vehicle theft increased by 75.1%, 73.1% and 13.5% respectively.
 
The Government of Qatar reports a low number of violent incidents and crime. Murders and violent crime are well below the global average. Violent crime targeting U.S. and other Western expatriates, although relatively rare, does occur. Government authorities indicate a low rate of other crimes (e.g. kidnapping, assault, and arson) compared with the rest of the region. The burglary rate is also reportedly well below the global average. Burglaries and thefts typically occur after dark and/or when Western expatriates are away from their homes for extended periods. Reporting indicates that criminals are more likely to target expatriate-style stand-alone residences, rather than residences or apartments in gated and secured compounds.
 
Incidents of theft from or of motor vehicles (sometimes in connection with “joyriding”) do occur as crimes of opportunity, but are rare in guarded/gated residential communities. 
Other reported crimes include, but are not limited to, various types of immigration and residency fraud, ATM/credit card theft, white collar fraud, embezzlement, counterfeiting, illegal narcotics (use/smuggling/possession/trafficking/distribution), identity theft/fraud, begging, pickpocketing (particularly in crowded locales), unauthorized real estate businesses, illegal private taxi services, and various cybercrime activities. There are frequent reports of corporate disputes over business practices.
 
Qatar takes cybersecurity seriously and, over the last few years, has been the victim of several high-profile, publicly reported cyberattacks on government and media websites and on energy industry networks. Qatar is one of a very few countries in the Middle East/North Africa region to have cybercriminal and cybersecurity legislation in place.
 
The widely publicized hacking of the state-run Qatar News Agency (QNA) website occurred just prior to the June 2017 onset of the diplomatic rift between Qatar and Saudi Arabia, the UAE, Bahrain, and Egypt. The hacker had posted a fake news report of the Amir calling Iran a “superpower,” lauding Hamas, and speculating that President Trump might not last long in power. The QNA removed the story; the website shut down and has still not re-opened.

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