Who is k Kamaraj and why he was called kingmaker: Complete information

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k Kamaraj

Kumarswami Kamaraj was a leader of Congress party. He was commonly addressed as the "Kinngmaker" in Indian politics. He served as the president of Congress fro two terms. K Kamraj is considered responsible for the uprising of Lal Bahadur Shastri for the Prime Minister position after the death of Jawahar Lal Nehru. Similarly, he was instrumental in Indira Gandhi's crowning as the Prime Minister after death of Shastri. K Kamaraj was the member of parliament and third during the tenure of 1954 to 1963. He was also the Member of Parliament for two terms in years 1952 to 1954 and 1969 to 1975. He was well recognized for his simplicity and intergrity. During his tenure in office, he built 9 dams. He actively remains involved in improving the life of the needy and the poor. His selfless acts and helping nature clearly won a lot of hearts and people consider him as the best chief mister the state everhad.

He was involved in India's movement for independence. Even though he was unable to complete his school education, he works hard to provide free education to the disadvantaged and introduced the free midday meal scheme during his tenure as the Chief Minister of Tamil nadu. He was awarded with India's highest civilian honour Bharat Ratna in 1976.

In his youth, K Kamraj Works at his uncle's provision shop. This is where he began to attend public meetings and processions about the indian Home Rule Movement. The Jallianwala Bagh massacre shook his mind greatly and turned out to be the turning point of his life. He joined Congress as a full-time political worker in year 1920. in 1922, he took part in Non Cooperation movement led by Congress to boycotted the visit of the Prince of Wales. Kamaraj initiated the Sword Satyagraha in 1927 in Madras and was chosen to lead the Neil Statue Satyagraha. Kamraj served two year sentence in jail for participating in "Salt satygrah" in June 1930. He conducted a vigorous campaign to stop people from contributing in to war funds when Sir Arthur Hope, the Madras governor, was collecting funds for the Second World War. He was arrested again in 1940 for oppressing the contribution of war funds. He was imprisoned 6 times by British Government.

k kamaraj became the Chief Mimister of Madras Province in 1954. He opened new schools making education approachable for student within 3 kilometres of range. Under his rule, schools are st up in every village and high schools are opened in every panchayat. His efforts bring the literacy rate of 7% during British regime to 37%. He introduced new irrigation schemes under which dams and irrigation canals were built across the state.

K Kamaraj was elected as the Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu for three consecutive terms from 1957. Kamaraj noticed that the congress party was slowly loseing its credibility. On 2nd October 1963, he resigned from Chief Minister post while proposing that all senior Congress leaders should resign too from their designation in order to devote all their energy to the reinvigorate the Indian National Congress. This proposal ws designed to despel from the minds of Congress men the lure of power and regain dedicated attachment to the objectives and policies of the party. As the result, 6 Union Ministers and 6 Chief Ministers resigned from their posts. Impressed by his achievements, Prime Minister Jawaharlal nehru felt that his services were needed more at the national level which becomes the reason of his coronation as president of Indian National Congress in 1963.

After Nahru's death, K Kamraj refused to become the next prime minister himself and sucessfully maitained the integrity of party through difficult times. As president to the INC, he was responsible for making Lal Bahadur Shstri in 1964 and nehru's daughter Indira Gandhi in 1966 the Prime Minister of the nation respectively. This is the main reason he was recognized as the "kingmaker".



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