How does information technology affect education?

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The numerous changes brought about by new technology are presently having a significant impact on the lives of people living in every corner of the globe. Conventional or traditional learning and teaching methods are slowly being replaced by new technologies. Information technology is presently having a serious impact on every part of the educational sector. From methods of teaching and curriculum to classroom learning, the educational sector is rapidly evolving. Increased access to information technology in homes, educational institutions by teachers and students alike have made education a lifelong process. To many, the combination of technology and education is the main key to human progress.

The purpose of education and information technology

In the past, education was centered solely on learning and teaching. Today, information technology has transformed the aim or purpose of teaching. With the help of IT, the educational sector is now a far cry of what it was in the past. Today, education is perceived as the processes of transmitting, creating, integrating, and applying knowledge. IT has slowly transformed our perception of knowledge. In the past, knowledge was view by many as rigid and unchanging. With information technology, people have come to see that knowledge is creative, pluralistic and revolutionary.

The Potential of education and information technology

Information technology facilitates the delivery of educational services anywhere and anytime. This in-turn releases educational institutions from the constraints of time and space. In the future, physical libraries are likely going to be replaced by digital ones and will be available for teachers, scholars, and students to access these libraries from any part of the world.

Transformation of educational institutions

The changes brought about by ICT have gradually transformed the way and manner information is delivered in most educational institutions. In the future, IT is going to spur teachers to embrace a more collaborative and strategic approach to teaching.

Classroom Teaching

Over the years, ICT has significantly influenced classroom learning. Most educational institutions now deliver knowledge and information to their students with teaching aids like overhead projectors and LCD projectors. Also, audio-visual tapes, floppy disks among others are used by tutors to provide instructions on various subjects.

The computer plays a very important role in the creation, updating and sharing of educational materials. Apart from this, other types of information like graphics, clipart, music, animation, and live Interaction make teaching more effective. Multimedia computer servers are presently taking center stage in the education of individual students. Just like TV, it helps to effectively control the response of the information-transfer process to the grasping capacity of students, which is going to facilitate the design of situation-specific interface with the information that is available. This ultimately creates an identical condition of the classroom on the computer screen. The created package can be used by students to match their learning process.

Information technology and students

Today, millions of students around the world are using the internet. With popular search engines like Google, Yahoo, and MSN, students can get instant access to educational materials within minutes. The internet also creates a window for a student to access a scientific document, academic work and many more. Also, they can get college homework help tutoring classes among others at the touch of a button. Aside from educational materials, students can also get access to movies, games and so on that are surely going to facilitate their all-round development.

The internet also creates a window for teachers, research scholars, and professors to upload their articles on websites.

Virtual classroom

 

The internet afford students the opportunity to attend virtual classrooms which is basically a web-based environment that allows learners or students to take an active part in live training events without the need to travel. Students can ask questions, listen to teachers and receive feedback in real time just as they do in normal classes.

ICT and students with disabilities

 IT has brought dramatic changes in the education of kids and adults with specials needs. Modern Computers technologies have open the flood gates for the education of visually impaired people as well as learning-disabled and hearing-impaired people. Kids and adult with visual impairment can use Braille computers to take tests, notes and do so much more. Telecommunication devices and other technological aids like assistive listening devices, cochlear implants, alerting devices and hearing aids are used to facilitate learning and ultimately help adults and students with hearing impairment.

Hyper-technology is designed to help kids with learning disabilities. With this technology, these kids can watch, listen and locate different information with relative ease.

ICT helps students and teachers to participate more in the teaching process. Not only does it broaden their thinking but it also increases their knowledge, thus encouraging them to take an active role in various educational activities.

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